God, Gravity, and Newton

Before the development of the periodic table of the 94 natural elements begun by the Russian scientist Mendeleev in the 1860’s, mankind considered the natural world to consist of earth, air, fire, and water.  In the ancient world, substances like iron, gold, copper, lead, diamonds and the like were known because they occurred as free elements easily recoverable from where they were found: these substances (elements) were considered part of the earth.  For the first 5000 years of ancient and medieval history, this concept helped explained mans relationship with his environment.

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Isaac Newton

In Genesis chapter 1, God’s word uses these terms to explain to the men of the past how the Word made flesh Creator performed His work on the first six days of this time and space.  Genesis 1:1-3, In the beginning (no time or space in the realm of men existed before this moment), God (Elohim, plural for the God Head) created (bara, out of nothing) the heaven (atmosphere, firmament, space, air) and the earth (the elemental matter making up all things in this time and space).  And the earth (elemental matter, earth) was without form (not yet brought to order), and void (empty, not populated or animate), and darkness (absent of light and energy) was upon the face of the deep (water, the substance necessary for all life).  And God said (the power emanating from God’s spoken Word), Let there be light, and there was light (energy, force, power; the source of  fire)In these first three verses of the Bible we find the four natural elements of air, earth, water, and fire  (energy from light).

Light is composed of electromagnetic waves such as gamma rays, x-rays, radio waves, etc. of which visible light is a small part.  The photon is the smallest quantity (quantum, hence quantum theory) of light.  Light emanates from elemental matter as a result of the properties of atoms.  Light is produced by a campfire at night because atoms within the burning wood are agitated moving rapidly giving off light and heat.  The sun is an atomic furnace of burning elemental matter giving off intense light through all spectrums.  In Einstein’s great mass/energy equilibrium, the velocity of light squared is the constant that expresses the amount of light and heat energy that is released in splitting an atom.  This is the power bound up in the words, “And God said”; probably the most powerful command spoken.

Einstein’s mass/energy equilibrium works because it demonstrates the true nature of God’s omnipotence; God spoke His omnipotent energy into all matter binding the atoms together by His Word. How much power is this?  Einstein said, “My religion consists of a humble admiration of the illimitable superior Spirit who reveals Himself in the slight details we are able to perceive with our frail and feeble mind”; Einstein went on to say that, “Science without religion is lame. Religion without science is blind.”  Einstein knew that God is light, God never changes, and God is both infinite and timeless.

The earth is in constant motion through this space and time; the earth rotates on its axis at about 1000 miles per hour and revolves in its orbit around the sun at about 33,000 miles per hour. From this constantly moving vantage point we observe the velocity of light to be 186, 000 miles/second (velocity is equal to distance divided by time) with time from this position being defined by the movement of the earth around the sun.  Would the velocity of light be affected if we were to change our vantage point?  In Einstein’s relativity theory, the point of observation is an important concept.  Let us imagine twins moving through space and time independently; one twin remains on earth within this solar system time while the other takes a voyage through space away from the earth’s time continuum. Relativity postulates that as matter accelerates to the speed of light, mass increases approaching infinity and time decreases.

For example, if twin ‘A’ begins a journey at 25 years of age through space at 80% of the speed of light his mass will increase greatly and his elapsed time from the vantage point of earth will slow down (even though time for him will seem to be normal), let us say, to ¼ of earth time.  If twin ‘A’ returns to earth in ten years of his time from his vantage point (for twin ‘A’ the speed of light is still 186,000 miles/sec) at 35 years of age, twin ‘B’ (the earth bound twin) would be 65 years old in earth time.  If the velocity of light stays constant, then as time gets smaller distance must get larger.   As time becomes less as it approaches zero, then distance must get larger approaching infinity; God is both timeless and infinite.  Therefore to answer our question, the amount of power (in the form of light and energy) God spoke into existence is infinite because the universe must be infinite and subsequently the amount of matter infinite to contain an infinite God; E=mc2 is an accurate representation to apply to the creation.

All the energy and forces of nature are bound up in the elemental matter that God brought into existence.  In quantum physics, there are four forces on the subatomic level of matter in this space time continuum; the strong force (the force holding the nucleus of the atom together, the force that represents the omnipotence of God), the weak force (the force involved in nuclear decay radiation), electromagnetic force (involved in radio, electricity, television, magnetism, etc), and gravity (possibly the least understood).  These forces comprise a portion of the standard model of particle theory physics.  In the 1970’s and 80’s, the unified field theory was put forth to help explain Einstein’s Theory of Relativity.  The unified field theory proposes that as energy greatly increases, the strong force, weak force, and electromagnetic force unite to become one force of much greater power;  the three in one force that reflects the great power of the Creator (Elohim, three in one God Head) as He spoke light into existence injecting the omnipotent power of God into all matter.    Colossians 1:17 states that Christ (Elohim Creator) is before all things and that by Him all things consist (sunistao, are held together completed in the past and continuing in the present).

The force of gravity appears to work in a different way.  The other three forces can be blocked by shielding of some kind whereas gravity cannot be shielded or blocked; its force reaches out into the farthest expanse of God’s universe; gravity emanates from every particle in this time and space.  It is reminiscent of God’s love which reaches out to all mankind everywhere; John 12:32, “And I, if I be lifted up from the earth, well draw all men unto me”.   Gravity causes the earth to be a sphere, holds the atmosphere to the earth, holds the moon in orbit, produces buoyancy by causing water to seek level and push less dense objects up.  It is most profoundly demonstrated in a vacuum chamber, with most of the air drawn out, by dropping a bowling ball and a feather simultaneously from a height; they both reach the floor at the same time.   This is a variation of the same experiment performed by Galileo at the Leaning Tower of Pisa by dropping two balls of different masses with the same result.

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Earth’s Gravitational Field

Isaac Newton was a student of the Bible writing a number of essays on theological issues.  Newton postulated that, “It seems probable to me that God, in the beginning, formed matter in solid, massy, hard, impenetrable, moveable particles.”  This sounds like Newton was thinking on a somewhat atomic level.  He was greatly influenced by Revelation seeing in its pages the unleashing of God’s holy power on the evil of the devils manifestation.  His great contributions to science and physics are his laws of motion and law of universal gravitation.   Gravitational acceleration acts on all small bodies in a gravitational field equally, neglecting air friction, regardless of the mass or composition of the bodies as demonstrated in the vacuum chamber experiment and Galileo’s experiment referred to previously.  Small bodies accelerate in the earth’s gravitational field at 32ft per second squared; in other words the first second the object falls 32 feet, the next second it falls 64 feet, the third 96 feet until it reaches a terminal velocity of between 120 miles per hour to about 220 miles per hour (depending upon the aerodynamics of the object) due to air resistance.

Newton did not try to explain gravity; instead he focused on quantifying the effect of gravity.  Using Kepler’s three laws of the motion of the planets and Tycho Brahe’s observations of planetary movements, Newton stated that there exists between any two masses a gravitation force equal in magnitude for each mass along a line between the center of mass of the two objects directly proportional to the product of the two masses and inversely proportional to the square of the distance between them (the inverse square law).

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This law has been proven on numerous occasions when placing satellites in orbit around the earth.  G represents the gravitational constant that Newton could not quantify but was later measured by Henry Cavendish in 1798.

The force in Colossians 1:17 holding all things together through the Creator includes gravity; Hebrews 1:3 declares that Christ upholds (holds together) all things by the word of His power; Job 26:7 says that He stretches out the north over the empty place and hangs the earth upon nothing.  There is an interesting analogy relating to Psalm 19 (The heavens declare the glory of God).  Our solar system may be seen as a picture of the relationship of Jesus Christ to His church.  Jesus, the Son, is represented by the sun; the sun is the source of energy and light to the earth and the suns gravitational field holds the earth (as well as the other planets) in place.  The earth represents the sinful world with the side opposite the sun in darkness and the other in the full light of the sun.  The moon represents the church providing light to the dark side of the world;  the moon is not the source of the light but a reflector of the light from the sun.  When the moon is not present on the dark side, the stars, as a source of light still witness the light of God so that there is no excuse.

To extend the analogy to its full affect, if the moon, as the church, were to come between the sun (Son) and the world (a solar eclipse), the true light of God would not be seen by those looking for God in their lives.  There are religions today that have abandoned the saving grace of God and substituted a works based belief praying to statues instead of God and offering forgiveness through the so-called Vicar (from the root vicarious meaning substitute) of Christ; a man proclaiming himself as a substitute for Christ to the church is heresy in its most damaging form.

Conversely, if the darkened side of the world were to come between the sun (Son) and the moon, as the church (a lunar eclipse), the reflected light of truth would not be seen either.  The anti-Biblical philosophies of the world today are in full assault upon some denominations.   We are to love everyone without regard for their sinful condition because we are all sinners but we must condemn the sin; to elevate a person openly practicing a sin condemned by God to a position of leadership within the body of the church is a slap in the face of God who is the Great Judge of the Universe; the act will offend the young and old alike spiritually.  A church conducting itself in this manor is nothing more than a private country club with amoral standards.

As Einstein stated, science without religion (the Word of God) is lame (crippled, unable to move in the right direction); Einstein’s application of Godly principles to his theories moved in the direction of the true creative actions of the Elohim Creator.  Isaac Newton, Kepler, Copernicus (Heliocentrism, the sun at the center of the solar system), and Galileo also applied Godly principles when formulating the laws of planetary motion and gravitation.  As has been stated before, math is the language by which God wrote the universe; it is the orderly nature and accuracy of mathematical computations that represents the command from God that all things be done decently and in order.

Some modern astrophysical scientist like Stephen Hawking (recently diseased) deny the existence of God and His influence on the universe; Hawking, now a creationist, proposed that there could be a measure of disorder and unpredictability in the present laws of physics due to the effect of black holes in the space/time continuum.  This notion would be in direct conflict with the nature of God.  Others propose that the universe is shaped like an enormous intertwined donut in which light actually travels an almost imperceptible curved path.   This is an attempt at reconciling the observation that the gravitational field of the sun causes light to bend as it passes by as observed during solar eclipses.  All of these notions are tantamount to trying to place God in a box to minimize God’s authority over the universe; the devil believes himself to be equal with God.

A lot of this discussion in astrophysics leads into another problematic area, the proposed existence of extraterrestrial intelligent life in the vastness of space.   The common statement is that if intelligent life only exists on earth, it would be a terrible waist of space.   Billions of dollars have been spent trying to discover intelligent life elsewhere in the universe; if we look in the Bible we find in Psalm 115:15&16, “Ye are blessed of the LORD which made heaven and earth.  The heaven, even the heavens, are the LORD’S: but the earth hath he given to the children of men.”   This would be an interesting verse upon which to meditate.

In chapter 20 of Revelation when the last judgment is completed and death and hell are cast in the lake of fire, the Creator will release his hold on the elemental matter of this universe and the omnipotent power of God will be released in fervent heat greater than can be imagined by the mind of sinful man.  There will be a new heaven and a new earth where sin no longer exists; there will be no need for the sun, moon, and stars because the true light will be at the center of all things (Theocentrism, God at the center of the universe) and the gravity of His love and power will draw our eyes to Him.

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